Dutch gable/Flemish gable ....................Flemish bond F
Illustrated Architecture Dictionary ..................Illustrated FURNITURE Glossary
Flanders; A historical region of northwest Europe including parts of northern France, western Belgium, and southwest Netherlands along the North Sea.
Flanders: (Dutch: Vlaanderen) is the Dutch-speaking, northern part of Belgium wedged between the North Sea and the Netherlands in the north and Wallonia and France in the south.
Flanders: Modern Belgium in large part
Flemish: Of or relating to Flanders, the Flemings, or their language
Netherlands: AKA Holland
Dutch gable/Flemish gable
Flemish scroll: An S or C curved ornamental form in which a scroll is broken by an angle, used in Flemish Renaissance furniture and also in the English Charles I & II and William and Mary styles. - Martin S. Pegler, The Dictionary of Interior Design. 1989.
Flemish foot: Scroll-like ending to an S or C curved leg, popular in 17th century styles in Flanders, England, and France. - Martin S. Pegler, The Dictionary of Interior Design. 1989.
Flemish ear: A late French Renaissance and Baroque furniture foot, similar to the Flemish scroll foot, except that the design (the S or C) is inverted. Appears on some furniture of the Louis XIV period. - Martin S. Pegler, The Dictionary of Interior Design. 1989.
Flemish chair: A late 17th century English high-backed chair, with or without arms. The splat was a panel of cane, upholstery, laths, or balusters surmounted with an elaborate carved cresting. The legs had straight backs with bold curves in front, and were supported by scroll feet. The stretcher consisted of two concave curves joined by a convex curve in the center. - Martin S. Pegler, The Dictionary of Interior Design. 1989.
Flemish bond: A form of brickwork in which headers (end) and stretchers (horizontal length) alternate
|In the sixteenth
century, the Netherlands came under the crown of Hapsburg Spain
the emperor Charles V retired, leaving the Spanish throne and his
Netherlandish provinces to his only son, Philip II. Philip's
measures against the Protestants led the northern provinces to break
away from Spain and to set up the under the House of
Orange [Cf., William of Orange].
The southern provinces remained with Spain, and their official religion continued to be Catholic. The political distinction between modern Holland and Belgium more or less reflects this original separation, which, in the Baroque period, signalized not only religious but also artistic differences. The Baroque art of Flanders (the Spanish Netherlands) remained in close contact with the Baroque art of the Catholic countries, while the Dutch schools of painting developed their own subjects and styles, consonant with their reformed religion and the new political, social, and economic structure of the middle-class Dutch republic.
- Gardner's Art Through the Ages, Tenth Edition, by Richard G. Tansey and Fred S. Kleiner. Harcourt Brace College Pub. 1996
Important Flemish (Antwerp) painters: Peter Paul Rubens (Catholic), and Anthony Van Dyck, who was an apprentice to Rubens. In the first half of the seventeenth century, Antwerp painting rapidly became one of the highlights of Baroque art. This was clearly linked to the activity of Rubens, who was immensely important not only for the astonishing stylistic quality of his work and for his enormous influence on several generations of painters, but also for his workshop practice modeled on the Italian method and his ability to familiarize others with Italian Renaissance and Early Baroque art.
Cf., Van Dyck's painting Charles I Dismounted, c. 1635. Louvre, Paris. Charles I was an English monarch who ruled 1625-1649 (beheaded). The style during his reign is sometimes referred to as Jacobean, sometimes Baroque.
Flemish "S" scroll leg
Flemish "S" scroll leg
Flemish foot: England, c. 1690 (acanthus leaves)
Flemish "C" scroll armpost
Examples from Buffalo:
Examples out of Buffalo:
- Bruges Gables, Bruges, Belgium
- Renaissance Style Building, Bruges, Belgium
- Furniture: Flemish style chairs - Reprinted from Wallace Nutting, Furniture Treasury, 1928
- Furniture: Flemish chair backs - Reprinted from Wallace Nutting, Furniture Treasury, 1928
- Furniture: Flemish stretcher - Reprinted from Wallace Nutting, Furniture Treasury, 1928
- Furniture: William and Mary caned-back chair - George Wythe House, Williamsburg, Va.
- Furniture: William and Mary armchair - Winterthur Museum