Illustrated Architecture Dictionary
Masonry cut in large blocks separated by deep joints and sometimes a roughened surface, used to give a bold, exaggerated look to the lower part of an exterior wall, or to frame a door or window
RusticatedSaid of cut stone having strongly emphasized recessed joints and smooth or roughly textured block faces; used to create an appearance of impregnability in banks, palaces, courthouses, etc.
The border of each block may be rebated [a cut or groove along or near the edge of a piece of wood that allows another piece to fit into it to form a joint.], chamfered, or beveled on all four sides, at top and bottom only, or on two adjacent sides; the face of the brick may be flat, pitched, or diamond-point, and if smooth may be hand or machine-tooled.
- Cyril M. Harris, ed., An Illustrated Dictionary of Historic Architecture, Dover Publications, 1977, p. 474.
A feature of a Gibbs surround
Found in Art Deco, Georgian Revival, Italian Renaissance Revival, Beaux Arts Classicism styles
Examples from Buffalo architecture:
- Illustration above: 70 Niagara Street
- Berger's Department Store
- Federal Courthouse
- State Office Building
- Statler Hotel
- Marine Trust Company Building
- Buffalo General Hospital - East Wing