Architecture Around the World

Acropolis, Athens, Greece

Work began on this enormous entrance to the Acropolis in 437 BC. Although the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War in 432 BC curtailed its completion, its architect Mnesikles created a building admired throughout the ancient world.

The Propylaia comprises a rectangular central building divided by a wall into two porticoes. These were punctuated by five entrance doors, rows of Ionic and Doric columns and a vestibule with a blue-coffered ceiling decorated with gold stars. Two wings flank the main building. The north wing was home to the pinakothiki, an art gallery.

See also:

Click on photos for larger size -- and additional information

Note triglyphs

Doric columns

Fluted columns

Photos and their arrangement © 2004 Chuck LaChiusa
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