Florence Cathedral - Table of Contents


February 2020 Photos
Interior - Florence Cathedral (S. Maria del Fiore)
Florence, Italy


Front entrance of the cathedral


Front entrance of the cathedral
Note the relatively plain wall decorations   ...   Gothic style



Front entrance of the cathedral
Three groin vaults ...    Three  ribs   ...   The original plan originally called for a timber truss roof, but in the mid-1300s this was changed to a ribbed groin vault



Front entrance of the cathedral



Front entrance of the cathedral 
24 hour liturgical clock designed in 1443 by Paolo Uccello in accordance with the ora italica, where the 24th hour of the day ended at sunset   ...    This timetable was used until the 18th century. This is one of the few clocks from that time that still exist and are in working order.



Front entrance of the cathedral
"Coronation of Mary in Heaven" includes center mosaic




The church is particularly notable for its 44 stained glass windows, the largest undertaking of this kind in Italy in the 14th and 15th century.   ...   A difference between Santa Maria del Fiore and the Gothic churches to the north was the size of windows.  Here, the windows are smaller.  Contrast these cathedral windows to the ones in  Sainte Chapelle in Paris.    


Typical blank spaces on the walls of the cathedral



Details below:
























Plain walls contrast with the intricate, colorful marble floors



Floor designs, created by Baccio d'Agnola and Francesco da Sangallo, were made with many colors of marble












St. Michael












Fresco of John Hawkwood, by Paolo Uccello   ...   “John Hawkwood, British knight, most prudent leader of his age, and most expert in the art of war”






Renaissance style balustrade










Two details below:











Donatello, Choir loft
One of two choir lofts that once stood in the Duomo: one sculpted by Luca della Robbia (1431-38), the other by Donatello (1433-39).    ...   Now housed in the Opera del Duomo Museum




Giovanni del Biondo, Saint Sebastian Triptych
 Now housed in the Opera del Duomo Museum




"The Last Judgment"


Nave view toward altar



"The Last Judgment"
Inside the dome



"The Last Judgment"
Note walkway



"The Last Judgment"
The largest artwork in the cathedral is the fresco painted inside the dome designed by Giorgio Vasari in 1568, and completed by Federico Zuccari in 1579.   ...   Vasari painted using the fresco (painting on wet plaster) technique, but Zuccari painted "in secco" (painting on dry plaster)    ...    The interior of the cathedral was finished with the completion of the dome artwork.



"The Last Judgment"
Daylight from the lantern   ...   "Ecce Homo"



"The Last Judgment"
Heaven   ...   Four details below:



"The Last Judgment"
Detail #1




"The Last Judgment"
Detail #2


"The Last Judgment"
Detail #3





"The Last Judgment"
Three details below:



"The Last Judgment"
Detail #1


"The Last Judgment"
Detail #2


"The Last Judgment"
Detail #3   ...   Note crack in the wall


"The Last Judgment"
River:  Purgatory   ...   Hell below   ...   For more details of Hell, see the 2002 photos of the interior







Photos and their arrangement 2020 Chuck LaChiusa
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